In previous posts on our blog about weight loss surgery, we have commented that obesity is one of the diseases with the highest incidence among the population. According to WHO data, more than 700 million people in the world suffer from it.
We are not talking only about an aesthetic problem, but about something associated with multiple diseases, the so-called “comorbidities”. An excess of weight due to the accumulation of fat generates important inflammatory and metabolic changes.
COMORBIDITIES OF OBESITY
Obesity, and to a greater extent morbid obesity, involves a series of associated diseases that directly affect quality of life and can even reduce life expectancy. The main comorbidities of obesity are:
- Arterial hypertension
- Diabetes mellitus type 2
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Joint problems
- Gastroesophageal reflux
It can also be associated with gynecological diseases such as polycystic ovary syndrome or digestive diseases such as hepatic steatosis (fatty liver).
THE BMI TO DETECT OBESITY
Obesity, in addition to being multifactorial, can manifest itself in many ways. To detect it, we refer to the body mass index (BMI). It is the numerical value that weight and height take to know if the first one is healthy. It is calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the height in meters squared (BMI = Kg / m2).
The BMI values are as follows:
<18: very low weight
20-18: low weight
20-25: Normal value
30-35: Obesity grade I
35-40: Obesity grade II
45-50: Obesity grade III
> 50: Super-obesity
In Laparoscopic Weight Loss Surgery in India, we remind you that the BMI can be influenced by age, race, complexion, sex and the type of activity carried out by each person.
TREATMENTS AGAINST MORBID OBESITY
The main objective is to reduce weight by reducing the amount of fat in the body. This leads to an improvement in associated comorbidities. Whatever the degree of obesity, it must be approached in a multidisciplinary way. With specialists in Endocrinology, Nutrition, Surgery and Psychiatry. And, of course, bariatric surgery.
When the dietary treatment and the physical activity are not effective it will be necessary to look for other alternatives like a surgical intervention. Bariatric surgery encompasses techniques that cause significant but controlled weight loss. It does this by altering both the intake capacity and the absorption of nutrients. In most cases, these types of interventions reduce the size of the stomach.